The identification and synthesis of natural and bioactive compounds it has always been a major challenge in organic and analytical chemistry. An efficient and easy access to those compounds, it's not only of great interest for biomedicinal apllications but also for the development of more efficient agri-food technologies. For example, thanks to the earlier work of Prof. Carpita, and our collegues of the agricultural science department, Prof. Canale, Dr. Benelli and Prof. A. Lucchi, it was possible to identify new sex-specific compounds of olive-fruit fly, a major pest in the cultivation of olive.